【精华】3000汽车专用英语集锦! (最全版)

发布时间: 2017-05-30

以下为部分汽车英语专业词汇:
PP Production Proveout 生产验证
TTO Tool Try-Out 工装设备试运行
(J1) Job 1 整车投产
DFMEA Design Failure Mode Effects Analysis 故障模式影响分析设计
DVP Design Verification Plan 设计验证计划
DVP&R Design Verification Plan & Report 设计验证计划和结果
FMEA Failure Mode Effects Analysis 故障模式影响分析
FPDS Ford Product Development System 福特产品开发系统
GYR Green-Yellow-Red 绿-黄-红
MRD Material Required Date 物料要求到厂日
OTT OK-TO-TOOL 可以开模
TKO Tooling-Kick-Off 工装启动
OEM original Equipment Manufacturer 设备最初制造厂
FtF/F2F Face To Face 面对面会议
PV Production Validation 产品验证
OTS Off-Tooling-Sample 完全工装样件
QOS Quality Operating System 质量运作体系
TS-16949 Technical Specification – 16949 技术规范-16949
APQP Advanced Product Quality Planning 先期产品质量计划
IPD In Plant Date 进厂日
PPM Parts per Million (applied to defective Supplier parts) 零件的百万分比率(适用于供应商不合格零件)
PPAP Production Part Approval Process 生产件批准程序
Pre-PV Pre -Production Validation 产品预先验证
1PP- First Phase of Production Prove-Out 第一次试生产
3C Customer(顾客导向)、Competition(竞争导向)、Competence(专长导向)
4S Sale, Sparepart零配件, Service, Survey信息反馈
5S 整理,整顿,清理,清洁,素养
8D- 8 Discipline
ABS Anti-lock Braking System
AIAG 美国汽车联合会
ANPQP Alliance New Product Quality Procedure
Apportionment 分配
APQP Advanced Product Quality Plan
Backlite Windshield 后窗玻璃
Benchmark Data 样件资料
bloodshot adj.充血的, 有血丝的
BMW Bavarian Motor Works
C.P.M Certified Purchasing manger 认证采购经理人制度
CB- Confirmation Build 确认样车制造
CC- Change CutOff 设计变更冻结
CC\SC- critical/significant characteristic
CCR Concern & Countermeasure Request
CCT Cross Company Team
Characteristics Matrix 特性矩阵图
COD Cash on Delivery 货到付现 预付货款(T/T in advance)
CP1- Confirmation Prototype 1st 第一次确认样车
CP2- Confirmation Prototype 2nd 第二次确认样车
Cpk 过程能力指数Cpk=Zmin/3
CPO Complementary Parts order
Craftsmanship 精致工艺
Cross-functional teams 跨功能小组
CUV Car-Based Ultility Vehicle
D1:信息收集;8D
D2:建立8D小组;
D3:制定临时的围堵行动措施,避免不良品流出;
D4:定义和证实根本原因,避免再发;
D5:根据基本原因制定永久措施;
D6:执行和确认永久措施;
D7:预防再发,实施永久措施;
D8:认可团队和个人的贡献。
DCC Design Change Control
DFA- Design For Assembly 面向装配的设计
DOE Design Of Examination试验设计
DQES Delivery Quality Evaluation System
DTL Direct To Line
DVP&R Design Validate Plan&Report设计验证计划报告
EDI electronic data interchange 电子数据交换
entire adj. 全部的, 完整的, 整个
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
ES Engineering Specification工程规格
ESI Early Supplier Involvement 供应商先期参与
Ex-Work(工厂交货)、FOB(船上交货)、FAS(船边交货)或CIF(运保费在内交货)
FEU- Field Evaluation Units 用户市场实际体验与评估
first gear 一档
Flow Chart 流程图
FMEA Failure Mode and Effects Analysis
four-wheel drive 四轮驱动
FRG- Ford Reliability Guideline 福特可靠性指导
Front Windshield 前挡风玻璃
Tempered glass 钢化玻璃
front-wheel drive 前轮驱动
FSS- Full service supplier 全服务供应商
FTA Fault Tree Analysis
GD&T- Geometric Dimensioning & Tolerancing 标准公差
GR&R Guage Repeatability&reproducibility量具的重复性和再现性
grief-stricken adj. 极度忧伤的
heavy rain 大雨
high wind n.疾风
HTFB- Hard Tooling Functional Build 工装集成调试与验证
IPO Individual Parts order
ISIR Initial Sample Inspection Report
JIT Just In Time
KD- knocked down/ Semi Knock Down(SKD) /Completely Knock Down(CKD)
KO Kick-off
Laminated glass 夹层玻璃
LP-Lean Production 精益生产
LR Launch Readiness
LS Launch Support
LVPM Local Vendor Packaging Method
MPV Multi-PurposeVehicle 多用途汽车
MRD Material Required Date
MRO Maintenance,Repair,and Operation
MTP- Make to print supplier 照图加工供应商
N/A- Not Applicable
NCDR Non-Conforming Delivery Report
NCMAR Non-Conforming Material Action Report
NDA Non Disclosure Agreement 保密协定
NDS Nissan Design Specification
NML Nissan Motor Ltd
NVH- System Noise, Vibration & Harshness 系统噪音,振动及粗糙性
onetime adj.过去的,从前的
OSM- Outside of Material
OTC Over The Counter 非处方药,可在柜台上卖的药
PA Program Approval
pallet n. 托盘
Passenger Vehicle 乘用车
PAT- Program Attributes Team 产品属性小组
PDL Product Design Letter
PH Proportions&Hardpoints
PIPC- Percentage of Indexes with Process Capability 能力指数百分比
PIST- Percentage of Inspection points Satisfying Tolerance 检测点满意工差百分比
PMT- Program Moudle Team 产品模块小组
PO Purchase order
PPAP- Production Part Approval Process 生产件批准程序
PPSR Production Preparation Status Report
PQA Process Quality Assurance
PR Program Readiness
Pre-Launch 试生产
price-driven costing 价格引导成本
Production Preparation-Final Nissan - PT2/Renault - PP
Production Preparation-Initial Nissan - PT1/Renault - PPP3
Production Trial Run 试生产
Prototype 样件
QFD Quality Funtion Deploy质量功能展开
QFTT Quality Functional Task Team
QR- Quality Reject 质量拒收
QS Quality Standard
RAN Release Authorisation Number
reverse 倒车档
RFQ Request For Quotation询价
RKD Reverse Knock Down
RLQ Receiving Lot Quantity
ROC Rate of Climb
ROI return on investment 报酬率
ROP Re-Order Point
RTO Required To Operate
SAIS Supplier Assessment & Improvement System
SC Strategic Confirmation/significant Charac"teristics
SDS- System/ Design Specifications 系统/设计说明
second gear 二档
SFMEA System FMEA
Shipping Date 出货日、Invoice Date 发票日或On Board Date 装船日
Side Windshield 侧窗玻璃
SJ Strategic Intent
SNP Standard Number of Parts
SOW- state of work 工作申明
SPC Statistical Process Control
SQA Supplier Quality Assurance
SREA- Supplier Request for Engineering Approval 供应商工程设计更改申请
ST Surface Tranfer
STRS Supplier Test Report System
Subcontractor 分承包商
Sunroof Windshield 天窗玻璃
SUV Sports Utility Vehicle
TAG Test Aptitude Graphique
TCO Total Cost of Ownership 总持有成本
TCRA Total Cost Reduction Activity
TGR Things Gone Right
TGW Things Gone Worst
TM Techinical Manual
TPM Total Preventive Maintenance
TTO-Tool Try Out 工装验证
UOM Unit Of Measure
VES Vehicle Evaluation System
VO- Vehicle Operation 主机厂
VPP- Vehicle Program Plan 整车项目计划
VQA Vehicle Quality Assurance
VTTO- Vendor Tool Try-Out 供应商工装验证
WERS- World Wide Engineering Release System
WVTA Whole Vehicle Type Approval
凹坑 concave
车床 lathe
抽查试验spot check test
出厂试验delivery test
次品defective product
调幅amplitude modulation (AM)
调频 Frequency Modulation
断差 offset
对讲机 interphone
法平面normal plane
翻车rollover
返工 re-doing
防滑地板 no-skid floor
仿真emulation
副作用side effect
改装厂 refitting factory
隔热板heat shield
后围侧板 rear wall side cover
划痕 scratch
假人dummy
间隙 interstice
节点pitch point
结皮现象skinning
扭矩torque
汽车总布置草图sketch for automobile layout
汽车总装配图automobile assembly drawing
汽油供给管gasoline feed pipe
汽油箱gasoline tank( petrol tank)
前围角板 front wall angle cover
轻型客车light bus
曲轴crankshaft
三类底盘 three type chassis
上模upper die
甚高频very high frequency (VHF)
下模bottom die(counter die)
消声器silencer
选料上乘、做工精细be superior in material and excelllent in workmanship
仪表板 dash board
油门throttle
褶皱 crimple
整车运输transportation of truck-load
总装 final assembly
阻流板step,reflectro,baffle
最大扭矩转速speed at maximum torque
左对齐left justify
报废scrapping
皮纹 grain
OTS OFF TOOL SAMPLE 用批量生产的工模器具制造出的样件
PVS Produktions Versuchs Serie 批量试生产
TMA Trial Manufacturing Agreement
2TP 两日试生产,主要是验证供应商的批量供货能力
OS 零批量,是批量生产前的总演习,批产的全面验证
SOP Standard Operation 即批量生产 Start-Of-Production Standard Operating Procedure 标准操作程序
QSV Qualitaes-Sicherungs-Vereinbarung 质量保证协议
BMG Bau-Muster-Genehmigung 产品工程样件性能检验认可
Nullserie 零批量
QSR 质量体系要求
Bias 偏差
DB Durability Build 样车阶段
lead time n.订货至交货的时间
sink mark 缩痕
LRR launch readiness review
Front bumper 前保险杠
Rear bumper 后保险杠
Radiator grille 格栅
Headlamp 前大灯
Tail lamp-liftgate 尾灯-行李箱盖上
Tail lamp-quarter 尾灯-后侧围上
Front door trim panel 前门内饰板
Rear door trim panel 后门内饰板
Interior release handle bezel 内开手把手框
Power controls bezel 电动车窗开关框
Window interior capping 窗框饰条
Exterior mirror 外后视镜
Body side moulding 防擦条
Cowl grille 通风格栅
Roof molding 车顶装饰条
Lift gate molding 牌照板支架
Lift gate handle 行李箱盖拉手
Weather strip_door openings 门框胶条
Weather strip_liftgate 行李箱胶条
A Pillar Trim A柱
B Pillar Trim upper B柱上
B Pillar Trim lower B柱下
Front scuff Plate 前门槛条
Rear scuff plate 后门槛条
Back panel trim lower 行李箱门槛条
Garnish trim-Quarter window
Cowl trim panel A柱下
Liftgate upper trim 尾门内饰板上
Liftgate side trim 尾门内饰板中
Liftgate lower trim 尾门内饰板下
IP
Defroster panel 除霜盖板
Console 中控台
Steering column cover 方向机柱上下盖板
Cluster 组合仪表
Carpet 前地毯
Trunk carpet 后地毯
Front seat 前座椅
2nd row seat 第二排座椅
burr(金属) flash(塑件)毛边
gap 间隙
defective products 不良品
finished products 成品
disposed products 处理品
band-aid 创可贴
scratch 刮伤
dents 压痕
缩水 Shrinkage
缩水 Sink Mark
顶白 Stress Mark
YC (Potential Critical Characteristic) 潜在关键特性
YS (Potential Significant Characteristic) 潜在重要特性
Restriction of Hazardous Substances 简称RoHS SGS, BV, TUV, Intertek, ETC BV-Bureau Veritas 法国国际检验局
首检 First article inspection
自检 Self-inspection
全检 100% inspection
巡检 process audit
开箱检验 out of box audit
出货检验 out-going inspection
进货检验 in-coming inspection
例行检验 Routine checking
确认检验 Confirming
全尺寸检验 full dimension inspection
可靠性试验 Reliability test
在线检验 on-line inspection
线下检验 off-line inspection
1号厂房工艺布置方案图 proposal of the Plant I layout
2 套 two kits
J型转弯试验 test of J turn
保险杠 bumper
变光开关 simmer switch
薄壳式结构 shell construction
操舵力试验 steering effort test
长途客车 inter-city bus
车辆转移台 bus transfer
衬垫 pad
除湿器 moisture ejector
搭接 lap
怠速时 at idle
底盘平移台 chassis shuttle
吊运装置 overhead hoist
镀锌板 galvanized plate
发车前准备 pre-delivery
发动机托架 engine holding frame
发动机中置式客车 bus with under floor engine
反冲试验 kick-back test
返工 re-doing
防滑地板 no-skid floor
防破坏 vandal resistant
风洞试验 wind tunnel test
改装厂 refitting factory
钢化玻璃 toughened grass
搁梁 shelf beam
更衣室 restroom
工位 station
功率突然变化影响试验 test of effect of sudden power change
合笼 mate
恒温控制 thermostatic control
横风稳定性试验 test of crosswind stability
后围侧板 rear wall side cover
互换性 interchangeability
极限侧向加速度试验 limiting lateral acceleration test
阶路响应时间试验 step response test
结构完整性 structure integrity
静态操舵力试验 static steering effort test
举升 hoist
聚碳化透镜 poly-carbonate len
空气导流板 air deflector
宽敞悬臂式座椅 roomy cantilevered seat
亮丽的外表 smart apperance
磷化 phosphating
轮胎爆破响应时间试验 test of burst response of tyre
轮辋错动试验 rim slip test
轮椅升降机 Wheel chair lift
轮罩护板 wheel house
马力小时,马力时horsepower-hour
脉冲响应试验 pulse response test
内饰 trim
耐翻倾试验 test of overturning immunity
扭矩torque
爬坡能力 grade ability
排水阀 drain valve
配电站 power transformer substation
拼装台 collector
频率响应时间试验 frequency response test
平衡水箱 surge tank
汽车平顺性单脉冲输入行驶试验 automobile ride single pulse input running test
汽车平顺性随机输入行驶试验 automobile ride random input running test
汽车悬挂系统固有频率与阻尼比的测定试验 measurement of natural frequency and damping raito of suspension
前围角板 front wall angle cover
嵌条 insertion strip
强制通风 ram-air ventilation
切割轮口 wheel -arch cutting
切齐 trimming
琴式驱动桥 banjo type drive axle
全天候空调系统 full range A/C
裙板 skirt
绕过障碍物试验 obstacle avoidance test
三类底盘 three type chassis
收油门后控制试验 test of control at breakway
输出马力shaft horsepower
水洼 ponding
瞬态响应时间试验 transient response test
随车工具 tool box
梭梁 stabilizing beam
缩微图纸 microfiche files
停机时间 downtime
通风口 duct
图例 legend
无公害柴油 clean diesel
线束 harness
消音器 muffler
小批量产品 be pilot
斜撑 bracing piece
悬架举升试验 jack-up test of suspension
压条 trim strip
腰带式安全带 diagonal safety belt
腰梁 waist rail
仪表板 dash board
移线试验 lane change test
异形钢管 special steel pipe
翼板 fender
隐藏式固定 concealed fastening
遮阳板 sun visor
诊断报警系统 diagnosis and alarming system
织物纹里铝合金 textured aluminum extrution
制动稳定性试验 test of braking stability
中涂 floating coat
转向盘回正性试验 test of steering wheel returnability
转向盘转角阶跃输入试验 steering wheel step input or transient state yaw response test
转向盘转角脉冲试验 steering wheel impulse input test
自动愈合的防腐材料 self-healing corrosion preventative material
总马力gross horse power
总装 final assembly
组合式客车车身 modular bus body
最小转弯直径试验 minimum turning diameter test
左侧围应力蒙皮 R/S stretching skin (road side)
汽车发动机类型type
发动机engine
内燃机intenal combusiton engine
动力机装置power unit
汽油机gasoline engine
汽油喷射式汽油机gasoline-injection engine
火花点火式发动机spark ignition engine
压燃式发动机compression ignition engine
往复式内燃机reciprocating internal combustion engine
化油器式发动机carburetor engine
柴油机diesel engine
转子发动机rotary engine
旋轮线转子发动机rotary trochoidal engine
二冲程发动机two-stroke engine
四冲程发动机four-stroke engine
直接喷射式柴油机direct injection engine
间接喷射式柴油机indirect injection engine
增压式发动机supercharged engine
风冷式发动机air-cooled engine
油冷式发动机oil-cooled engine
水冷式发动机water-cooled engine
自然进气式发动机naturally aspirated engine
煤气机gas engine
液化石油气发动机liquified petroleum gas engine
柴油煤气机diesel gas engine
多种燃料发动机multifuel engine
石油发动机hydrocarbon engine
双燃料发动机duel fuel engine
热球式发动机hot bulb engine
多气缸发动机multiple cylinder engine
对置活塞发动机opposed piston engine
对置气缸式发动机opposed-cylinder engine
十字头型发动机cross head engine
直列式发动机in-line engine
星型发动机radial engine
筒状活塞发动机trunk-piston engine
斯特林发动机stirling engine
套阀式发动机knight engine
气孔扫气式发动机port-scavenged engine
倾斜式发动机slant engine
前置式发动机front-engine
后置式发动机rear-engine
中置式发动机central engine
左侧发动机left-hand engine
右侧发动机right-hand engine
短冲程发动机oversquare engine
长冲程发动机undersquare engine
等径程发动机square engine
顶置凸轮轴发动机overhead camshaft engine
双顶置凸轮轴发动机dual overhead camshaft engine
V形发动机V-engine
顶置气门发动机valve in-head engine
侧置气门发动机side valve engine
无气门发动机valveless engine
多气门发动机multi-valve engine
卧式发动机horizontal engine
斜置式发动机inclined engine
立式发动机vertical engine
W形发动机w-engine
I形发动机I-engine
L形发动机L-engine
F形发动机F-engine
性能performance
二冲程循环two-stroke cycle
四冲程循环four-stroke cycle
狄塞尔循环diesel cycle
奥托循环otto cycle
混合循环mixed cycle
定容循环constant volume cycle
工作循环working cycle
等压循环constant pressure cycle
理想循环ideal cycle
热力循环thermodynamic cycle
冲程stroke
活塞行程piston stroke
长行程long stroke
上行程up stroke
下行程down stroke
进气行程intake stroke
充气行程charging stroke
压缩行程compression stroke
爆炸行程explosion stroke
膨胀行程expansion stroke
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